LITIGATING CROSS-BORDER ENVIRONMENTAL DISPUTE IN INDONESIAN CIVIL COURT: THE MONTARA CASE

Iman Prihandono, Esty Hayu Dewanti RK

Full Text: PDF



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15742/ilrev.v5n1.124

Abstract


In August 2009, a wellhead blowout of took place at an offshore drilling facility named the Montara platform, on the north coast of Australia. This incident releases crude oil into the sea and continued until November 2009. The Montara platform owned by PTTEP Australasia Pty. Ltd., a company incorporated under the laws of Australia, and is a subsidiary of PTT Exploration and Production Public Company Limited, a Thailand based, state-owned oil company. Based on samples taken by the East Nusa Tenggara Municipality in the waters along the coast Kolbano, Desa Tuafanu, District Kualin, South Central Timor, it was found that the sea water has been polluted with crude oil. There was an indication that the crude oil is identical to those of at the Montara well head platform. This incident has been detrimental to at least 9.000 fishermen and seaweed farmers along the coast of West Timor Sea, with total losses estimated at USD2.4 billion. This article examines the possibility of a lawsuit brought by the affected communities to the Indonesian civil court. This article finds that that filing a lawsuit against PTTEP AA, the operator of the Montara Platform, may be possible. Article 100 RV of the Indonesian civil procedure provide an opportunity to sue foreign entity when contractual relationship exist. This article seeks to map the possible parties involved in the dispute should the victims decide to bring this case to Indonesian civil court. It aims at assisting the victims in preparing their case and obtaining the best possible outcome for remedy.

Keywords


transboundary dispute; corporate civil liability; civil court;

References


Books and Journals

Agustina, Rosa, 'Perbuatan Melawan Hukum' in Rosa Agustina et al (eds), Hukum Perikatan (Law of Obligations) (Denpasar: Pustaka Larasan, Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia, Universitas Leiden, Universitas Groningen, 2012)

Drimmer, Jonathan, 'Human Rights and the Extractive Industries: Litigation and Compliance Trends' (2010) Vol. 3, No. 2 Journal of World Energy Law & Business 121

Joseph, Sarah, Corporations and Transnational Human Rights Litigation (Hart Publishing, 2004)

Kaye, Stuart, 'Peaceful Settlement of Disputes in International Law' in Slam Blay, Ryszard Piotrowicz and Martin Tsamenyi (eds), Public International Law: An Australian Perspective (Oxford University Press, 2005)

Fuady, Munir, Unlawful Action: A Contemporary Approach (Perbuatan Melawan Hukum: Pendekatan Kontemporer) (Citra Aditya, 2005)

Oxford Pro Bono Publico, 'Obstacles to Justice and Redress for Victims of Corporate Human Rights Abuse, A Comparative Submission Prepared for Professor John Ruggie UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative on Business & Human Rights' (2008)

Kyriakakis, Joanna, 'Freeport in West Papua: Bringing Corporations to Account for the International Human Rights Abuses under Australian Criminal and Tort Law' (2005) 31 Monash University Law Review 95

Cases

Dagi v. BHP [1995] 1 VR 428.

Gagarimabu v. Broken Hill Proprietary Co Ltd [2001] VSC 517 (SCt Vic)

H.M. Soeharto v. Time Inc. Asia et. al., The Supreme Court Decision No. 3215 K/PDT/2001 (30 August 2007)

New Page Corporation et. al. v. PT. Pindo Deli Pulp and Paper Mills, Decision of the High Court of Jakarta No. 27/PDT/2009/PT.DKI (19 June 2009)

PT. Pindo Deli Pulp and Paper Mills v. New Page Corporation et al., Decision of the District Court of Central Jakarta No. 98/Pdt .G/2007/PN.Jkt.Pst (2 June 2008)

PT. Pindo Deli Pulp and Paper Mills v. New Page Corporation et. al., The Supreme Court Decision No. 871 K/Pdt /2010 (22 December 2010)

Regie Nationale des Usines Renault SA v. Zhang (2002) 210 CLR 491 (HCA)

State Ministry of Environment v. PT Newmont Minahasa Raya, Decision of the District Court of South Jakarta No. 94/Pdt.G/2005/PN.JKT.Sel (15 November 2005).

Time Inc. Asia et. al. v. H.M. Soeharto, The Supreme Court Decision No. 273 PK/PDT/2008 (16 April 2009).

Yayasan Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia v. PT Lapindo Brantas Incorporated et al., Decision of the District Court of South Jakarta No. 284/Pdt.G/2007/PN.Jak.Sel (27 December 2007)

Yayasan Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia v. PT. Newmont Minahasa Raya, Decision of the District Court of South Jakarta No. 548/Pdt.G/2007/PN.Jak.Sel (18 December 2007).

Internet and Websites

'2009 Timor Sea Oil Spill ‘Just as Devastating as Gulf of Mexico’', The Jakarta Globe 22 July 2012 .

'Fishermen ‘Suffer’ as Oil Spill Compensation Delayed', The Jakarta Post 28 May 2011

'RI court acquits `Time' in Soeharto case', The Jakarta Post 17 April 2009

'Soeharto sues `Time' magazine for US$27 billion ', The Jakarta Post 6 July 1999

Australian Maritime Safety Authority, Response to the Montara Wellhead Platform Incident: Report of the Incident Analysis Team (2010) Australian Government

de Britto, Johannes Sutanto, Tragedi "Montara" Terlupakan, Mukhtasor: Desak Penelitian Komprehensif (2012) Jaringnews.com

Department of the Environment, Montara Oil Spill (Australian Government)

Fointuna, Yemris, 'West Timor Sea Contaminated by Oil Spill', The Jakarta Post 28 October 2009

Hukumonline.com, Amicable Agreement Between RI-Newmont, Regreted by Environmental Activist (RI-Newmont Damai, Aktivis Lingkungan Mengecam) (2006)

Hukumonline.com, Caused by Natural Phenomenon, Judge Rejects Walhi's Suit (Dinilai Akibat Fenomena Alam, Hakim Tolak Gugatan Walhi) (2007)

Hukumonline.com, MoE Uses Strict Liability Principle in Legal Suit Againts Newmont (KLH Menggunakan Dalil Strict Liability Dalam Gugatan terhadap Newmont) (2005)

Koh, Quintella, PTTEP Fined Over $500,000 for Montara Oil Spill Disaster (2012) Rigzone

Mitchell, Emily, Five Years of Waiting for Investigation into Montara Oil Spill (2014) Australian Lawyers Alliance

PTTEP Australasia, Fact Sheet: Government of Indonesia Compensation Claim (2010)

Simamora, Adianto P., 'RI to Make Formal Claim in Timor Spill', The Jakarta Post 24 August 2010

Sirisaengtaksin, Anon SET Notification: Establishment of PTTEP South Mandar Limited, PTTEP Sadang Limited PTTEP Malunda Limited, and PTTEP South Sageri Limited (2010) PTT Exploration and Production Public Company Limited




ISSN: 2356-2129