Win Sherly Tan

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In order to comply with education rights as mandated by the 1945 Constitution, a non-formal education has been introduced to Indonesian society. Non-formal education is regulated by Article 26, paragraph 1-7 of Law No. 20 of 2003 on National Education System. Since this provision is mandated by the Law, it is questioned whether the Government of Batam City has efficiently implemented the educational rights for all. Another question is whether the delivery system of equal education conducted by Community Learning Center and Homeschooling in Batam City which aim to assist the Batam City Government are the solutions in providing education rights for all in Batam City. This research finds that Law No.20 of 2003 on National Education has not been effectively implemented by the Batam City Government, particularly the Education Office under the Batam City Government because non-formal educations as one of the solutions of delivering equal education for all remains to face problems. The problems are students in non-formal education programs are not students at the study age and yet they must follow the same curriculums as students in formal schools. This research also finds that the Education Office under the Batam City Government fails to disseminate the requirements under Law No.20 of 2003 to Community Learning Center in Batam City. In addition, it also fails to conduct regular monitoring and auditing in relation to learning process performances of Community Learning Center in Batam City.


Equal Education, Community Learning Center, Batam City


Legal documents

The 1945 Constitution (Undang-Undang Dasar 1945).

Law No. 20 of 2003 on National Education System (Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 Tentang Pendidikan Nasional).

Government Regulation No. 19 of 2005 on National Education Standards (Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 19 Tahun 2005 Tentang Standar Nasional Pendidikan)

National Education Minister Regulation No. 14 of 2007 on the Content Standard for program PAKET A, PAKET B, PAKET C (Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 14 Tahun 2007 Tentang Standar Isi untuk Program Paket A, Program Paket B, Program Paket C)

National Education Minister Regulation No. 3 of 2008 on the Standard Process Equal Education of Program PAKET A, B, and C (Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional No. 3 Tahun 2008 Tentang Standar Proses Pendidikan Kesetaraan Program Paket A, Program Paket B, Program Paket C)

National Education Standards Regulation No. 0022 / P / BSNP / XI / 2013 on the Standard Operating Procedures Implementation of National Examination Schools (Peraturan Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan Nomor 0022/P/BSNP/XI/2013 Tentang Prosedur Operasi Standar Penyelenggaraan Ujian Nasional Sekolah)


Ali, Zainuddin, Sosiologi Hukum, (Jakarta : Sinar Grafika, 2006)

Atmasasmita, Romli , Teori Hukum Integratif (Rekonstruksi Terhadap Teori Hukum Pembangunan dan Teori Hukum Progresif), Genta Publishing, 2012.

Direktorat Pendidikan Kesetaraan, Reformasi Pendidkan Kesetaraan, Direktorat Jendral Pendidikan Non Formal dan Informal Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, (Jakarta, 2006)

Friedman, Lawrence Meir, Sistem Hukum dalam Perspektif Ilmu sosial, (Bandung: Nusa Media, 2011)

Soekanto, Soerjono, Pengantar Penelitian Hukum, (Jakarta: UI-Press, 1986)

Zainal dan Amiruddin Asikin, Pengantar Metode Penelitian Hukum, Raja Grafindo Persada, (Jakarta, 2004):


Abdurrahman Misno Bambang Prawiro, “Teori Sistem Hukum Friedman”

“Teori Hukum Pembangunan”,

ISSN: 2356-2129