ASYLUM SEEKERS IN A NON-IMMIGRANT STATE AND THE ABSENCE OF REGIONAL ASYLUM SEEKERS MECHANISM: A CASE STUDY OF ROHINGYA ASYLUM SEEKERS IN ACEH-INDONESIA AND ASEAN RESPONSE

Bilal Dewansyah, Wicaksana Dramanda, Imam Mulyana

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15742/ilrev.v7n3.220

Abstract


Abstract
The problem of asylum seekers has become a global humanitarian issues. Demands regarding the handling mechanisms based on the values of human rights is getting stronger voiced by the international community. In the Southeast Asian region, the number of ethnic Rohingya asylum seekers has increased and has started to demand settlement in non-immigrant countries like Indonesia. Although Indonesia does not have international obligations in handling asylum seekers, constitutionally, Indonesia has an obligation to guarantee the right of everyone to obtain asylum which has been included in the constitution. In a global perspective, humanitarian issues on the handling of asylum seekers started to be driven into the handling model based on regionalism. Therefore, ASEAN's response to the issue of asylum seekers should start a discourse given the number of asylum seekers in Southeast Asia began to rise. This paper will describe the immigration policy on asylum seekers with the approach of regionalism. In the next section, this paper will discuss the development of the regulatory framework in Indonesia regarding the handling of asylum seekers and projections handling of asylum seekers in the framework of the ASEAN region.
Keywords: asylum seekers, regional, ASEAN, legal framework, rohingya.

Abstrak
Masalah pencari suaka telah menjadi isu kemanusiaan global. Tuntutan mengenai mekanisme penanganan yang didasarkan pada nilai-nilai hak asasi manusia semakin kuat disuarakan oleh masyarakat internasional. Di kawasan Asia Tenggara, jumlah pencari suaka dari etnis Rohingya telah meningkat dan telah mulai meminta untuk dapat menetap di negara-negara non-imigran seperti Indonesia. Meskipun Indonesia tidak memiliki kewajiban internasional dalam menangani pencari suaka, secara konstitusional, Indonesia memiliki kewajiban untuk menjamin hak setiap orang untuk memperoleh suaka sebagaimana tercantum di dalam konstitusi. Dalam perspektif global, isu-isu kemanusiaan mengenai penanganan pencari suaka mulai didorong ke arah model penanganan yang bersifat regional. Oleh karena itu, ASEAN harus segera menanggapi wacana ini mengingat jumlah pencari suaka di Asia Tenggara yang semakin meningkat. Makalah ini akan menguraikan mengenai kebijakan imigrasi bagi pencari suaka dengan pendekatan regionalisme. Pada bagian berikutnya, makalah ini akan membahas perkembangan kerangka peraturan di Indonesia mengenai penanganan pencari suaka dan proyeksi penanganan pencari suaka dalam kerangka regional ASEAN.

Kata kunci: pencari suaka, regional, ASEAN, kerangka hukum, rohingya.

Keywords


asylum seekers; legal framework; Rohingya; Indonesia; ASEAN

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Author, Pencegahan dan Penangkalan Dalam Perspektif Hak Atas Kebebasan Bergerak Setelah Perubahan UUD 1945 [Prohibition to Leave and to Entry in Freedom of Movement Perspective after Amended 1945 Constitution] (unpublished master thesis. Bandung: Faculty of Law Universitas Padjadjaran, ……)


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ISSN: 2356-2129